Member Directory

Mr Andrea DE CANDIDO works for the Directorate General for Migration and Home Affairs of the European Commission where he is the Acting Head of the "Innovation and Security Research" Unit that is responsible for ensuring full exploitation of the possibilities offered by research in the internal security domain.

Among the tasks of the Unit is the drafting of the security research part of the overall EU Research & Innovation Framework Programme (as of this year named Horizon Europe) that enables cross border funding of research projects in different security related dimensions such as Fighting Crime and Terrorism, Border Security, Infrastructure Protection and Disaster Resilient Societies.

Before joining DG HOME Mr De Candido had been briefly working for the Research & Innovation Directorate General of the European Commission and, before that, had spent 25 years in the Italian Army from which he retired in 2013 with the rank of Lt. Colonel.

Arthur Messaud has been working at La Quadrature du Net for four years on issues regarding state and capitalism surveillance, trying to change the law before courts and parliaments.

Noémie Levain is a privacy and technology lawyer at the Paris bar and a member of La Quadrature du Net. Within this organisation, she works on strategic litigation and helps promote actions against surveillance.

Theodore Christakis (@TC_IntLaw) is Professor of International and European Law at University Grenoble Alpes (France), Director of Research for Europe with the Cross-Border Data Forum, and a former Distinguished Visiting Fellow at the New York University Cybersecurity Centre. He is also Chair on the Legal and Regulatory Implications of Artificial Intelligence with the Multidisciplinary Institute on AI (, Director of the Centre for International Security and European Studies, and Co-Director of the Grenoble Alpes Data Institute. He is a honorary member of the Institut Universitaire de France.

At the national level, he has exercised responsibilities on digital issues as an active member of the French National Committee for Digital Ethics (created in December 2019 at the request of the French Prime Minister) and as a past member of the French National Digital Council, an independent advisory commission of the French government (2018-2020).

He has published or co-edited 11 books, he is author or co-author of more than 88 academic articles and book chapters, and he has been invited to give lectures and present his work at conferences, workshops, and seminars on over a hundred occasions in more than 31 different countries.

As an international expert he has advised governments, international organisations, and private companies on issues concerning international and European law, cybersecurity, artificial intelligence, and data protection law. He also has experience working as external Data Protection Officer (GDPR compliance) for tech companies.

Dr. Patrick Breyer is a jurist and since 2019 a Member of the European Parliament with the European Pirates, members of the Greens/European Free Alliance group. He is a long-term activist in the civil liberties movement for consumer and citizen rights, especially as regards privacy, citizen participation and democracy. From 2012 to 2017, he was a member of the Schleswig-Holstein State Parliament for the Pirate Party, and temporarily chaired the parliamentary group. He is a member of the NGO Arbeitskreis Vorratsdatenspeicherung (Working Group on Data Retention) and author of the blog ‘ – minimum data, maximum privacy’.

Dr. Gemma Galdon-Clavell is a tech policy analyst working on the social, ethical, and legal impact of data-intensive technologies and algorithmic auditing. She is the Founder and Director of Eticas Consulting and was a 2017 EU Women Innovators Prize finalist. She has ongoing research contracts and grants from the European Commission (FP7 and H2020 programs), the European Agency for Fundamental Rights and the Open Society Foundation, among others. Dr. Galdon-Clavell has led research as a Principal Investigator in more than 10 large projects. She is a scientific and ethics expert at the Directorate General for Research and Innovation at the European Commission and sits on the board of Privacy International and Data & Ethics. She was recently shortlisted for the Technology Playmakers Award.

Her work is focused on building socio-technical data architectures that incorporate legal, social, and ethical concerns in their conception, production, and implementation. She is a policy analyst by training and has worked on projects relating to Artificial Intelligence and human rights and values, the societal impact of technology, smart cities, privacy, and crisis management tech. Her recent academic publications tackle issues related to the impact of COVID on digitalisation and society, AI and the future of work, the proliferation of data-intensive technologies in urban settings, security and mega-events, and the relationship between privacy, ethics and technology, and smart cities.

She completed her PhD on surveillance, security, and urban policy at the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, where she also received an MSc on Policy Management, and was later appointed Director of the Security Policy Programme at the Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC). Previously, she worked at the Transnational Institute, the United Nations’ Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) and the Catalan Institute for Public Security. She teaches topics related to her research at several foreign universities and is a member of the IDRC-funded Latin-American Surveillance Studies Network. Additionally, she is a regular analyst on TV, radio, and print media.

Previous posts (selected):

- Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC)

- Institut de Govern i Polítiques Públiques (IGOP-UAB)

- United Nations (UNITAR)

- Catalan Institute for Public Security (ISPC)

- Transnational Institute (TNI)

- Department of Applied Economics (UAB)


- Security and Technology (Universitat de Girona)

- Technology and Privacy (Universitat de Girona)

- Public policy (Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez, Mexico)

- Urban Management (Erasmus Universiteit, Rotterdam)


- Contributor at El País

- Contributor at

- Contributor at

William Eldin, CEO and co-founder of XXII, is a serial entrepreneur. Former partner of Coyote System, William decided in 2015 to create XXII, a company specialising in computer vision in artificial intelligence with the goal of deploying AI in all industry sectors. Since 2018, he has taught at Science Po while working on the expansion of XXII, which has become a leading company in France in artificial intelligence.

Daragh Murray is a Senior Lecturer at the University of Essex Human Rights Centre & School of Law. He was recently awarded a UKRI Future Leaders Fellowship: ‘What does Artificial Intelligence Mean for the Future of Democratic Society? Examining the societal impact of AI and whether human rights can respond’. This 4 year inter-disciplinary project began in January 2020, and the project team will draw on expertise in human rights law, sociology, and philosophy. Current research has a particular emphasis on law enforcement, intelligence agency, and military AI applications, although the scope of the project is broader. Daragh’s research expertise is in international human rights law and the law of armed conflict. He has a specific interest in artificial intelligence and other advanced technologies, and in using human rights law to more effectively inform ex ante decision-making processes.

Professor Fussey’s research focuses on surveillance, digital sociology, algorithmic justice, human rights, intelligence oversight, technology and policing, and urban studies. He has published widely across these areas. The author and editor of six books, he is a director of the Centre for Research into Information, Surveillance and Privacy (CRISP), and research director for the six-year ESRC funded Human Rights, Big Data and Technology project ( He is experienced in public and media engagement and his award-winning research has been covered by BBC Newsnight, PBS Newshour (US), Nature, The New York Times, The Times, The Financial Times, The Guardian, La Repubblica, Le Monde, BBC Radio 4 (PM & File on Four) and other national news outlets across the world. Professor Fussey has also worked with public bodies across the EU on the regulation of overt and covert surveillance, with UN agencies on human rights in the digital age, leads the ‘ethics, human rights and technology’ strand of the UK’s national Surveillance Camera Commissioner’s Strategy and recently led the independent review of the London Metropolitan Police trials of facial recognition technology.

Ian Brown is a computer scientist specialising in Internet regulation information security and privacy. He is visiting CyberBRICS professor at Fundação Getulio Vargas Law School in Rio de Janeiro, and an ACM Distinguished Scientist. He was previously Principal Scientific Officer at the UK government’s Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport; Professor of Information Security and Privacy at the University of Oxford’s Internet Institute; and a Knowledge Exchange Fellow with the Commonwealth Secretariat and UK National Crime Agency.