Tomaso leads Privacy International's policy development, as well as their advocacy and policy team. He develops the organisation's international advocacy with the UN, the EU, and other relevant intergovernmental bodies. Previously he worked for Child Soldiers International and for Amnesty International’s (AI) International Secretariat, in the International Law and Policy Program, where he was legal and policy advisor. His main responsibilities included providing advice on international human rights and humanitarian law, drafting intervention before human rights courts and bodies and representing the organization in meetings of UN human rights law experts. Tomaso is an Italian lawyer and has a Law Degree from the Law College in Ferrara (Italy).

Cheryl Gwyn was appointed as New Zealand’s Inspector-General of Intelligence and Security commencing 5 May 2014, for a three year term and was reappointed in May 2017 for a further three years. She is the first Inspector-General to be appointed under amended legislation which
significantly expands the Inspector-General’s powers and resources and removes the requirement that the appointee be a retired Judge. The Inspector-General’s role includes reviewing the legality and propriety of intelligence and security agency activities and investigating complaints relating to the agencies. The Inspector-General has power to initiate her own inquiries. Ms Gwyn has broad public law experience, having spent ten years as Deputy Solicitor-General in the New Zealand Crown Law Office, where she provided legal advice and representation to Ministers and Departments, principally in constitutional matter, including indigenous rights and human rights issues. Latterly she provided advice to New Zealand’s intelligence community. That position was preceded by two years managing a large policy group, as Deputy Secretary for Justice. Before entering the public service, Ms Gwyn was a litigation partner at two of New Zealand’s largest law firms. In August 2019 Ms Gwyn was appointed as a Judge of the High Court of New Zealand

Jo Cavan is Director Strategy, Policy and Engagement at GCHQ, and Paul Killworth is Deputy Director Strategic Policy at GCHQ.

Alexander Ottosson is an associate lawyer at the Stockholm-based public interest law firm Centrum för rättvisa (Centre for Justice). Prior to commencing his work as a lawyer, Alexander held the position of research fellow at Centrum för rättvisa, publishing legal research on constitutional law issues. Alexander earned his undergraduate and master’s degree from Uppsala University, specialising in European human rights law and has acquired experience in the ECHR system from an internship at the Swedish representation at the Council of Europe in Strasbourg. At Centrum för rättvisa, Alexander represents and advises individuals in public interest litigation on issues of fundamental rights and freedoms and due process. He is also engaged in public advocacy, holds lectures, and conducts legal research.

Paula is a Privacy and Civil Liberties Engineer at Palantir Technologies where she leads customer engagements on the technical implementation of EU data protection law. She advises public and private sector clients, including automotive, aerospace, drug development, health insurance, media, telecommunications, customs, and law enforcement.

Paula holds a Bachelor of Arts summa cum laude in French, European Cultural Studies and Near Eastern Studies from Princeton University, a Master of Public Policy from the Hertie School of Governance in Berlin, and a Master of Arts in Media, Culture, and Communication from New York University. She is a certified Data Protection Officer under the German Association for Data Protection and Data Security.

Wouter de Ridder is a veteran of European intelligence oversight, having been the Secretary for the Belgian Standing Intelligence Agencies Review Committee (Vast Comité I) for over 25 years. He also acts as security officer for the committee. Further, Wouter is the Secretary (registrar) of the Belgian Appeal Body for Security Clearances, Certificates and Advices, and an expert at the Geneva Centre for Security Sector Governance (DCAF). He holds a Master of Law from KU Leuven.

Dr. Oskar Josef Gstrein is Assistant Professor at Campus Fryslân - University of Groningen, where he is also a member of the Data Research Centre. He collaborates in the EU Horizon 2020 project Cutting Crime Impact and teaches in the graduate program 'Governance and Law in Digital Society' as well as the minor 'Data Wise'. At the same time, he is external lecturer at the Europa-Institut of the University of Saarland in Germany.

Karen Taylor is Chair of the European Network Against Racism (ENAR) and Director of Advocacy at Each One Teach One (EOTO e.V.), based in Germany. In addition, Karen is a member of the coordination group for the implementation of the "UN-Decade for people of African descent" in Germany.

Arild Færaas is the communications adviser in the secretariat of the Norwegian Parliamentary Oversight Committee on Intelligence and Security Services (The EOS Committee). He previously worked as a communications adviser for The Norwegian Board of Technology and
as a journalist for Aftenposten and other Norwegian local and national newspapers.

Lotte Houwing works as a researcher and policy advisor at Bits of Freedom, a Dutch NGO for internet freedoms. There she leads the government surveillance programme where she focuses on policy regulating the capabilities of the secret services with a strong focus on protections of the rights of privacy and freedom of communication. In this capacity she filed a successful complaint procedure against the unlawful detention of bulk datasets by the Dutch intelligence agencies. She has a special interest in the analysis of power in relationships between government institutions and people. She has a background in philosophy and graduated cum laude from her research master in law on the Dutch Intelligence and Security Services Act 2017 at the University of Groningen. When she finds time she publishes on the use of technlogy by the police. But mostly she will be found in her garden.

worked with on their campaign against the Austrian surveillance law

Thomas Lohninger is Executive Director of the digital rights NGO in Vienna, Austria. He is Senior Fellow of the Mozilla Foundation working on Net Neutrality in the European Union. The Center of Internet and Society of the Stanford Law School holds him as a non-residential Fellow. He worked in Brussels on the European Net Neutrality regulation as Policy Advisor for European Digital Rights and is on the board of EDRi since 2019. His background is in IT and Cultural- and Social Anthropology.

Ronja Kniep is a research fellow in the research group ‘Politics of Digitalisation’ at the WZB Berlin Social Science Center and a PhD candidate at the Freie Universität Berlin (FU). Her research focuses on communications surveillance, intelligence cooperation, intelligence oversight, and digital policy. In the research project “Intelligence Oversight and intelligence networks: Who guards the Guardians?” (GUARD//INT), Ronja works on an intelligence oversight index, oversight of information sharing, and analyses the justification and contestation of surveillance in German cases of strategic litigation.

Professor Peter Sommer combines academic and public policy work with commercial cyber security consultancy, with a strong focus on legal issues.

His first degree is in law, from Oxford University. He is currently a part-time Professor of Digital Evidence at Birmingham City University and a Visiting Professor at de Montfort University. Until 2011 he was a Visiting Professor in the Department of Management at the London School of Economics. He has consulted for OECD, UN, European Commission, UK Cabinet Office Scientific Advisory Panel on Emergency Response, UK National Audit Office, Audit Commission, and the Home Office. He has carried out external audits of the Internet Watch Foundation hotline. The OECD work, written with Ian Brown, addressed the cyber aspects of Future Global Threats. He has further given evidence to the Home Affairs and Science & Technology Select Committees, the Joint Committee on the Communications Data Bill, and to the Intelligence and Security Committee. He was a Specialist Advisor to the old Trade and Industry Select Committee and to the Joint Committee on the Draft Investigatory Powers Bill (now an Act).

During its existence Peter was the joint lead assessor for the digital speciality at the UK Home Office-sponsored Council for the Registration of Forensic Practitioners and has advised the UK Forensic Science Regulator and the Home Office on communications data.
He has acted as an expert in many important criminal and civil court proceedings in the UK and international courts usually where digital evidence has been an issue including Official Secrets, terrorism, state corruption, assassination, global hacking, DDoS attacks, murder, corporate fraud, privacy, defamation, breach of contract, professional regulatory proceedings, harassment, allegations against the UK military in Iraq, “revenge porn” on social media and child sexual abuse. Particular themes have been situations where technologies need to be interpreted in legal terms and assessments of quantum and extent of damage.

Peter is the author, pseudonymously, of The Hacker's Handbook, DataTheft and The Industrial Espionage Handbook, and under his own name, Digital Evidence, Digital Investigations and E-Disclosure (IAAC) now in its 4th edition and the Digital Evidence Handbook.

He is a Fellow of the British Computer Society and also a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts.

Kilian Vieth manages Stiftung Neue Verantwortung’s work on digital rights, surveillance, and democracy. He is the project manager for the European Intelligence Oversight Network (EION), which provides European intelligence oversight officials and other experts a space for regular and structured exchange. As a researcher in the GUARDINT project, Kilian studies the potentials and limits of overseeing surveillance and works on the development of an intelligence oversight index and a surveillance law database. His research focusses on the democratic control of intelligence and reform approaches for rights-based and more efficient intelligence and surveillance policy in Germany and Europe. Beyond that, his research interests include digital human rights and critical security studies. He was invited to testify before the parliament of Hesse on regional intelligence legislation. Kilian previously worked on different research projects at the Center for Internet and Human Rights (CIHR) at the European University Viadrina in Frankfurt (Oder), Germany, where he is still a Fellow. He has also worked as a consultant and project manager in political campaigning at a communications consultancy in Berlin. He holds a dual master’s degree in Political Science and European Affairs from Sciences Po Paris (France) and Freie Universität Berlin (Germany) and a bachelor’s degree in Public Management and Governance from Zeppelin University in Friedrichshafen (Germany).

Thorsten heads Stiftung Neue Verantwortung's research on surveillance and democratic governance. He created the European Intelligence Oversight Network (EION) and is a Principal Investigator in the new collaborative research project GUARDINT, designed to address and to redress the gap between increasingly transnational surveillance practices and still largely national accountability mechanisms. Thorsten gave testimony before the European Parliament and the Bundestag on intelligence legislation, and his work appeared in various media outlets. He is a member of the advisory board on Europe/Transatlantic of the Heinrich Boell Foundation in Berlin and the scientific committee of the Cyber and Data Security Lab at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB). Thorsten holds a doctorate degree in political science from the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva. In the past, Thorsten worked as Senior Fellow at the Brandenburg Institute for Society and Security, The Hague Institute for Global Justice, and as Advisor for the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF). As Transatlantic Post-Doc Fellow for International Relations and Security (TAPIR), Thorsten studied national surveillance policies at the French Institute for International Relations (ifri) in Paris and the RAND Corporation and the Center for Transatlantic Relations at Johns Hopkins University in Washington, D.C.

Sharon Bradford Franklin is Policy Director at New America’s Open Technology Institute (OTI). She directs the broad range of OTI’s policy work on issues involving broadband access, cybersecurity, encryption, freedom of expression online, government surveillance, net neutrality, privacy, and transparency and platform accountability. From 2013 to 2017, she served as Executive Director of the Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board (PCLOB), an independent federal agency that reviews counterterrorism programmes to ensure that they include appropriate safeguards for privacy and civil liberties. Previously, she served as Senior Counsel at the Constitution Project, a nonprofit legal watchdog group, working on a range of issues involving national security and privacy and civil liberties. Franklin is a graduate of Harvard College and Yale Law School.

Mark Bromley (United Kingdom) is the Director of SIPRI’s Dual-use and Arms Trade Control Programme, where his work focuses on national, regional and international efforts to regulate the international trade in conventional arms and dual-use items. Previously, he was a Policy Analyst for the British American Security Information Council (BASIC). His recent publications include 'Detecting, investigating and prosecuting export control violations: European perspectives on key challenges and good practices’, SIPRI Report, (Dec. 2019, co-author), 'Revising the EU Dual-use Regulation: Challenges and opportunities for the trilogue process’, SIPRI Topical Backgrounder, (Oct. 2019), and 'Measuring illicit arms and financial flows: Improving the assessment of Sustainable Development Goal 16’, SIPRI Background Paper, (July 2019, co-author).

Megan Goulding is a lawyer at the UK human rights organisation Liberty. Megan specialises in privacy, technology and human rights and runs Liberty’s litigation in this area. She is currently working in particular on state surveillance and police technologies. She is acting for a client in the first legal challenge to police use of facial recognition technology. She is also running Liberty’s own challenges to bulk surveillance, both at the European Court of Human Rights and in the UK courts. Previous to Liberty, Megan worked as a solicitor in private practice.

Bastien is a PhD student in public law at Université Grenoble-Alpes (France). He is working on algorithmic decisions of the administration and their impacts on human rights. He is also a member of La Quadrature du Net, a French NGO that promotes and defends fundamental rights in our digital era, and its litigation team.

Dr. Annika S. Hansen is a senior researcher and Deputy Head of the Analysis Division at the Center for International Peace Operations, Berlin, Germany. She previously worked for the UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations and the Norwegian Defence Research Establishment.

Jan Jirat is a journalist working for independent Swiss weekly WOZ - Die Wochenzeitung in Zurich. He mainly writes about security and far right extremism. He is a member of the investigative journalism networks and Netzwerk Recherche eV.

Lorenz Naegeli is a journalist based in Zurich, Switzerland. He studied human rights and humanitarian action at the Sciences Po University in Paris. As a journalist, he focuses on topics such as migration, liberation and social movements and with a critical eye on the state, its bodies and economic actors.

Javier Ruiz is the Policy Director at the UK-based advocacy organisation Open Rights Group. His work covers a broad range of digital rights areas such as state surveillance, transparency, privacy and ethics. He is a member of the UK Government's Expert Advisory Group on Digital Trade and is available for work on a consultancy basis.

Jan-David is former editor of about:intel. Based at Stiftung Neue Verantwortung in Berlin, he is interested in digital rights, democratic intelligence governance, and the intersection of democracy and media in the public sphere.

Before joining Stiftung Neue Verantwortung and building about:intel, he worked as an investigative reporter and editor for the Bangkok Post. Jan-David holds an M.Phil. in International Relations from the University of Oxford and a B.A. in Integrated Social Sciences from Jacobs University Bremen and the University of Edinburgh.

Jane Duncan is a professor of Journalism, Film and Television. She is author of ‘Stopping the Spies: Constructing and Resisting the Surveillance State in South Africa’ (Wits University Press, 2018).

Alexandra Paulus is non-resident fellow for international cyber security policy at the German tech policy think tank Stiftung Neue Verantwortung. She currently pursues her PhD in International Relations at Chemnitz University of Technology in Germany. Her research explores how regional powers shape the construction of norms for responsible state behavior in cyberspace, focusing on Brazil and Turkey. Before commencing her doctoral degree, Alexandra was deputy head of the Konrad Adenauer Foundation Brazil office. Her further work experience includes the German Bundestag, the private sector, and Latin American NGOs. She is an active member of Women in International Security Germany.

Dr. Sven Herpig is head of international cybersecurity policy at the German tech policy think tank Stiftung Neue Verantwortung. Before joining the Stiftung Neue Verantwortung, he worked for Germany's Federal Office for Information Security and the Federal Foreign Office. Sven served as expert on IT security for the Committee of the Interior and Homeland of the German parliament and for the European Union study on Legal Frameworks for Hacking by Law Enforcement. His research areas are securing artificial intelligence in high risk environments, geopolitical responses to cyber operations, government hacking, and vulnerability management.

Chris has served in law enforcement for 30 years; originally in the Royal Hong Kong Police; now with West Midlands Police; and with a number of national agencies in the UK focusing on serious organised crime, in between. In addition to leading his force’s professional standards department and the portfolio for ethics, he is also the National Police Chiefs Council’s lead for Data Analytics. Chris holds a B.Eng in Civil Engineering from the University of Birmingham and an MSc in Cybercrime Investigation from the University of Central Lancashire.

Barbara Grabowska-Moroz is a research fellow at the CEU Democracy Institute and previously worked as a lawyer and project coordinator for the Helsinki Foundation for Human Rights in Warsaw. There she monitored legislative processes on issues including access to justice, surveillance law and criminal defence rights. Together with activists from the Panoptykon Foundation, she filed an application with the European Court of Human Rights regarding the lack of effective protection against illegal surveillance in Polish legislation.

Elizabeth Farries directs the Surveillance and Human Rights Program for the International Network of Civil Liberties Organizations (INCLO). INCLO is horizontal network of national independent human rights organisations in 15 countries around the world. We work together to defend fundamental liberties. Elizabeth is the lead on INCLO investigations Unanswered Questions and Spying on Dissent.

Marion Oswald is Vice-Chancellor's Senior Fellow in Law at the University of Northumbria, an Associate Fellow of RUSI and a solicitor (non-practising). She is Chair of the West Midlands Police and Crime Commissioner and West Midlands Police data ethics committee, a member of the National Statistician’s Data Ethics Advisory Committee, a member of the Advisory Board to the Ada Lovelace Institute Ryder Review of the Governance of Biometric Technologies, and an executive member of the British and Irish Law, Education and Technology Association.

Jamie is a Senior Lecturer in Law in the Department of Law and Criminology at Sheffield Hallam University, holding this post since January 2014. He is an active researcher in the Helena Kennedy Centre for International Justice, and a Fellow of the Sheffield Institute of Policy Studies, both part of Sheffield Hallam University. He has been appointed to the independent Data Analytics Ethics Committee established by the West Midlands Police and Crime Commissioner. He will hold a Visiting Fellowship at the Institute of Advanced Legal Studies (University of London) in the summer of 2020.

Elspeth Guild is a Jean Monnet Professor ad personam in law at Queen Mary University of London and Emeritus Professor at Radboud University, Nijmegen, Netherlands. She is also a partner at the London law firm Kingsley Napley. She regularly advises EU institutions on migration and asylum related matters and has written studies for the European Parliament on the European dimension of the refugee crisis 2016. She also advises the Council of Europe and has written two Issue Papers for the Commissioner for Human Rights, one on the right to leave a country the other on criminalization of migration. In 2009 her monograph Security and Migration in the 21st Century Polity, Cambridge, 2009 was published. In 2017 she co-edited with Stefanie Grant and Kees Groenendijk The Human Rights of Migrants in the 21st Century published with Routledge in the Focus series directed at the UN Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration.

Elif Mendos Kuskonmaz is a lecturer at the School of Law of University of Portsmouth. She holds a Master’s Degree in Public Law from Istanbul University, and an LLM in Public International Law and a PhD from Queen Mary University of London. Elif is also a registered lawyer at Istanbul Bar Association.

Didier Bigo is professor of International Political Sociology at Sciences Po Paris-CERI, France. He is part time professor at King’s College London, department of War Studies. He is additionally director of the Centre for study of Conflicts, Liberty and Security (CCLS) and editor of the quarterly journal “Cultures & Conflits” published by L'Harmattan. He is one of the co-editors of the new PARISS (Political Anthropological Research on International Social Sciences) journal, Brill, 2019, as well as founder and previous co-editor with Rob Walker of the ISA (International Political Sociology) journal.

Nina Galla is senior advisor for the study commission "Artificial
Intelligence Social Responsibility and Economic, Social and Ecological
Potential" for the parliamentary group THE LEFT PARTY at the German
Bundestag. She works with the development of digitisation in public
relations, education and politics since 2004. Before her employment at
THE LEFT PARTY she developed education programmes for adults and teachers.

Richard is Head of the UK for Chorus Intelligence. He began his career with the Metropolitan Police Service as a Fingerprint Expert before quickly proceeding to be a Crime Scene Manager on one of London's busiest boroughs. After 10 years he decided to spread his wings into managing the Fingerprint Department in the Cayman Islands before coming back to the UK to head up the Fingerprint services of Northamptonshire Police and then the laboratory services of the East Midlands.

Eleftherios is a co-founder of the Greek civil society organisation "Homo Digitalis", which is a member of the European Digital Rights (EDRi) network. He is a lawyer admitted to practice in Greece, while also he works as a research associate at the Centre for IT & IP Law (CiTiP) of KU Leuven. Eleftherios holds a LLB from National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, a LLM on Law and Technology from Tilburg University Law School and a MSc in Digital Humanities from the Computer Science School of KU Leuven. Finally, he holds a Fellow of Information Privacy (FIP) designation from the International Association of Privacy Professionals (IAPP).

Sam works on policy and advocacy across all areas of Reprieve’s work, including accountability for UK intelligence involvement in rights abuses as well as the oversight of security and justice assistance overseas. He is also a non-practicing barrister, and prior to joining Reprieve, he was an Advocacy Officer at Liberty.

Edin is Advocacy Director at Privacy International, a London-based NGO which exposes and challenges abuses of power by governments and corporations. His research and advocacy focuses on the security industry, surveillance technology, migration, biometrics, state hacking, border controls, sanctions and export controls, intelligence agencies, the telecommunications industry, and security aid. He was previously a researcher at the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute where he focused on preventing illicit trafficking.

Fieke Jansen is a PhD candidate at the Data Justice Lab at Cardiff University, where she looks at the use of data-driven policing technologies in Europe. She is interested in re-politicising data and technology, by understanding its historical, social, cultural and political context in Europe. Prior to starting her PhD, Fieke worked at the intersection of human rights, digital security, privacy and technology for several international NGOs.

Jesús Cordero is a lawyer at Leegaltech, specialist in Digital Rights and Corporate Compliance, certified Data Protection Officer (DPO) according to the the Spanish Data Protection Agency Framework, and professor at the Industrial Organization School of the Ministry of Industry in Spain, with his MBA by the European University of Madrid. He is also creator of the national federation of youth United Nations associations, UNSA Spain, awarded with the “Here for Good” prize from Laureate Universities and co-sponsor of the international solidarity artistic initiative “Connecting Cultures”, a travelling exhibition on social inequities faced by children and how art can be a means to combat them. He has led several civic participation initiatives in Spain, the latest of which are communication campaigns to foster literacy on the public consultation on the draft for a Spanish Startup Law (2019) and on the European Commission's public consultation on the EU Data Strategy.

François Thuillier has held numerous positions within the French security services, both operationally and in terms of foresight. He is now an associate researcher at the Centre d'étude sur les conflits, liberté et sécurité (CELS - Paris) and author of "L'Europe du secret - mythes et réalité du renseignement politique interne" (Paris - La Documentation Française - 2000), "La révolution antiterroriste" (Paris - Temps Présent - 2019 - preface by Marc Sageman), as well as the upcoming "Homo Terrorismus" (Temps Présent - 2020).

Bojan Perkov is a Policy Researcher at the SHARE Foundation. His interests and areas of work include freedom of expression and online media, as well as other issues related to digital rights and freedoms, such as hate speech, net neutrality, censorship, data protection, digital security, etc.

Sophie in 't Veld has been a Member of the European Parliament (MEP) since 2004. Currently, she is a member of the Renew Europe Group and serves as the parliamentary leader of the delegation of the social-liberal Dutch political party Democrats 66 (D66) in the European Parliament.

In 't Veld studied history at Leiden University. Before running for European Parliament, she has worked as an assistant to Dutch MEP Johanna Boogerd-Quaak and as Secretary of the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (ELDR) in the Committee of the Regions. The ELDR is the precursor of the current ALDE Party.

Sophie in 't Veld has built a profile around a number of priorities: privacy, fundamental rights, rule of law, migration and asylum, and pensions.
These priorities guide her thinking as a member of two European Parliament Committees:

• Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE)

• Environment, Public Health and Food Safety Committee (ENVI)

Furthermore, in 't Veld chairs the LIBE committee’s Rule of Law Monitoring group and serves as vice president of the LGBTI Intergroup in the European Parliament.

Katrina Lampert is former Editor of about:intel. Previously, Katrina worked as a Programme Officer at the NGO Democracy Reporting International on a range of Good Governance topics, as well as for the GIZ’s Decentralisation programme in Rwanda. Katrina holds an M.A. of Public Policy from the Hertie School of Governance and a B.A. in Political Science, German, and International Relations from Ursinus College. She is currently completing a PhD-preparatory master’s in research training at Humboldt University.

Member of the German Bundestag since October 2013. Deputy chairman of the CDU/CSU parliamentary group responsible for the areas of legal affairs and consumer protection, internal affairs, sport and voluntary work, expellees, repatriates, and German minorities since December 2018.

Born on 8 August 1973 in Bad Säckingen; Roman Catholic; married, three children.

Obtained Abitur in 1993; completed compulsory basic military service in the German-French brigade from 1993 to 1994; studied law at the University of Freiburg from 1994 to 1999; passed second state examination in law in 2001. Practised as a lawyer from 2001 to 2002; civil servant at the Baden-Württemberg State Ministry from 2002 to 2004, serving as personal assistant to the Minister for State and European Affairs; mayor of Donaueschingen from 2004 to 2013.

Patrick Sensburg is a member of the German Parliament (since 2009) as well as member of the Parliamentary Oversight Panel and the Council of Elders. He is also chairman of the Committee for the Scrutiny of Elections, Immunity and the Rules of Procedure and has been President of the Association of Reservists of the German Armed Forces since 2019. He was Chairman of the European Law Committee from 2009 to 2017 and Chairman of the NSA Inquiry Committee from 2014 until 2017.

Sensburg is also Professor for Public Law and European Law. From 2006 to 2008 he was Professor at the Federal University of Applied Administrative Sciences in the Department Branch of Federal Criminal Police. Since 2008 he is Professor for Public Law and European Law at the University of Applied Sciences for Police and Public Administration in North Rhine-Westphalia (HSPV NRW). Since 2016 he is Visiting Professor at the University of Vienna and at the Bucharest University of Economic Studies (ASE). He is one of the editors of the Journal for Intelligence, Propaganda and Security Studies (JIPSS).

Niovi Vavoula is Lecturer in Migration and Security at Queen Mary University of London, from where she holds an LLM in European Law and a Ph.D. that examined the privacy concerns stemming from the establishment and operation of EU-wide information systems for third-country nationals. She regularly advises the European Parliament, the Commission, the Fundamental Rights Agency and NGOs on matters relating to EU immigration law, EU criminal law (particularly mechanisms for information exchange) and privacy and data protection law.

Dr. André Hahn, Member of the Bundestag, is the Deputy Chairman of the Left Party parliamentary group and a member of the German Parliamentary Oversight Panel (PKGr).

Lisa Dittmer is the Advocacy Officer for Internet Freedom at Reporters Without Borders (RSF) Germany. She works at the intersection of digital and security policy and press freedom on issues such as surveillance and platform regulation.

Juljan Krause is a Policy Associate and PhD Researcher at the University of Southampton where he investigates the global security and governance challenges of quantum communication networks. Juljan also works on the UKRI’s Trustworthy Autonomous Systems (TAS) Hub where he develops policy briefs on AI-powered defence and cybersecurity projects. A graduate from the London School of Economics and King’s College London, Juljan was a policy advisor with the UK Cabinet Office and a Teaching Fellow at the LSE. Having followed a trajectory from philosophy to computer science and mathematics, Juljan remains the Editor-in-Chief of the established online journal Evental Aesthetics.

Born on 29 March 1968

married, 5 children

1987 to 1993 studied computer science and biology in Bonn,

1993 to 1995 worked as research associate at the GMD Research Centre for Information Technology,

1996 to 2002 knowledge management consultant at an IT company (consultative function from September 2000 to September 2002),

2000 to 2018 Member of the German Bundestag,

Won the direct mandate in the city of Bonn in 2002, 2005, 2009, 2013 and 2017,

2005 to 2013 Vice-Chairman of the Social Democratic Party (SPD) parliamentary group for the issues of environment, nature conservation and nuclear safety, food, agriculture and consumer protection and sustainability,

December 2013 to March 2018 Parliamentary State Secretary to the Federal Minister for Justice and Consumer Protection,

Since January 2019, Federal Commissioner for Data Protection and Freedom of Information.

Douwe Korff is a Dutch comparative and international lawyer specialising in human rights and data protection. He is emeritus professor of international law at London Metropolitan University and visiting professor at the universities of Zagreb and Rijeka in Croatia; an Associate of the Oxford Martin School of the University of Oxford, a Visiting Fellow at Yale University (Information Society Project), and a Fellow at the Centre for Internet and Human Rights of the European University of Viadrina, Berlin.

Ian Brown is a computer scientist specialising in Internet regulation information security and privacy. He is visiting CyberBRICS professor at Fundação Getulio Vargas Law School in Rio de Janeiro, and an ACM Distinguished Scientist. He was previously Principal Scientific Officer at the UK government’s Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport; Professor of Information Security and Privacy at the University of Oxford’s Internet Institute; and a Knowledge Exchange Fellow with the Commonwealth Secretariat and UK National Crime Agency.

Daragh Murray is a Senior Lecturer at the University of Essex Human Rights Centre & School of Law. He was recently awarded a UKRI Future Leaders Fellowship: ‘What does Artificial Intelligence Mean for the Future of Democratic Society? Examining the societal impact of AI and whether human rights can respond’. This 4 year inter-disciplinary project began in January 2020, and the project team will draw on expertise in human rights law, sociology, and philosophy. Current research has a particular emphasis on law enforcement, intelligence agency, and military AI applications, although the scope of the project is broader. Daragh’s research expertise is in international human rights law and the law of armed conflict. He has a specific interest in artificial intelligence and other advanced technologies, and in using human rights law to more effectively inform ex ante decision-making processes.

Professor Fussey’s research focuses on surveillance, digital sociology, algorithmic justice, human rights, intelligence oversight, technology and policing, and urban studies. He has published widely across these areas. The author and editor of six books, he is a director of the Centre for Research into Information, Surveillance and Privacy (CRISP), and research director for the six-year ESRC funded Human Rights, Big Data and Technology project ( He is experienced in public and media engagement and his award-winning research has been covered by BBC Newsnight, PBS Newshour (US), Nature, The New York Times, The Times, The Financial Times, The Guardian, La Repubblica, Le Monde, BBC Radio 4 (PM & File on Four) and other national news outlets across the world. Professor Fussey has also worked with public bodies across the EU on the regulation of overt and covert surveillance, with UN agencies on human rights in the digital age, leads the ‘ethics, human rights and technology’ strand of the UK’s national Surveillance Camera Commissioner’s Strategy and recently led the independent review of the London Metropolitan Police trials of facial recognition technology.

William Eldin, CEO and co-founder of XXII, is a serial entrepreneur. Former partner of Coyote System, William decided in 2015 to create XXII, a company specialising in computer vision in artificial intelligence with the goal of deploying AI in all industry sectors. Since 2018, he has taught at Science Po while working on the expansion of XXII, which has become a leading company in France in artificial intelligence.

Félix Tréguer is associate researcher at CNRS and post-doctoral researcher at CERI Sciences Po in Paris. He is also a founding member of the French digital rights advocacy group La Quadrature du Net and holds a PhD in political studies from the School for Advanced Studies in the Social Sciences (EHESS). His research blends political history and theory, law as well as media and technology studies to look at the political history of the Internet and computing, power practices like surveillance and censorship, the algorithmic governmentality of the public sphere, and more broadly the digital transformation of the state and of the security field. Since 2013, part of Félix's work focuses on state surveillance and intelligence. For the research project UTIC, he studied the process of legalisation of hitherto illegal surveillance practices by French intelligence, a process which culminated in the adoption of the 2015 Intelligence Act. As an advisor to civil society groups, he has taken part in various advocacy and strategic litigation efforts against surveillance laws before French and European Courts. His more recent work also looks at the role of private companies in surveillance assemblages, either in the context of Internet communications or "Smart City" policing.

Dr. Gemma Galdon-Clavell is a tech policy analyst working on the social, ethical, and legal impact of data-intensive technologies and algorithmic auditing. She is the Founder and Director of Eticas Consulting and was a 2017 EU Women Innovators Prize finalist. She has ongoing research contracts and grants from the European Commission (FP7 and H2020 programs), the European Agency for Fundamental Rights and the Open Society Foundation, among others. Dr. Galdon-Clavell has led research as a Principal Investigator in more than 10 large projects. She is a scientific and ethics expert at the Directorate General for Research and Innovation at the European Commission and sits on the board of Privacy International and Data & Ethics. She was recently shortlisted for the Technology Playmakers Award.

Her work is focused on building socio-technical data architectures that incorporate legal, social, and ethical concerns in their conception, production, and implementation. She is a policy analyst by training and has worked on projects relating to Artificial Intelligence and human rights and values, the societal impact of technology, smart cities, privacy, and crisis management tech. Her recent academic publications tackle issues related to the impact of COVID on digitalisation and society, AI and the future of work, the proliferation of data-intensive technologies in urban settings, security and mega-events, and the relationship between privacy, ethics and technology, and smart cities.

She completed her PhD on surveillance, security, and urban policy at the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, where she also received an MSc on Policy Management, and was later appointed Director of the Security Policy Programme at the Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC). Previously, she worked at the Transnational Institute, the United Nations’ Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) and the Catalan Institute for Public Security. She teaches topics related to her research at several foreign universities and is a member of the IDRC-funded Latin-American Surveillance Studies Network. Additionally, she is a regular analyst on TV, radio, and print media.

Previous posts (selected):

- Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC)

- Institut de Govern i Polítiques Públiques (IGOP-UAB)

- United Nations (UNITAR)

- Catalan Institute for Public Security (ISPC)

- Transnational Institute (TNI)

- Department of Applied Economics (UAB)


- Security and Technology (Universitat de Girona)

- Technology and Privacy (Universitat de Girona)

- Public policy (Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez, Mexico)

- Urban Management (Erasmus Universiteit, Rotterdam)


- Contributor at El País

- Contributor at

- Contributor at

Dr. Patrick Breyer is a jurist and since 2019 a Member of the European Parliament with the European Pirates, members of the Greens/European Free Alliance group. He is a long-term activist in the civil liberties movement for consumer and citizen rights, especially as regards privacy, citizen participation and democracy. From 2012 to 2017, he was a member of the Schleswig-Holstein State Parliament for the Pirate Party, and temporarily chaired the parliamentary group. He is a member of the NGO Arbeitskreis Vorratsdatenspeicherung (Working Group on Data Retention) and author of the blog ‘ – minimum data, maximum privacy’.

Theodore Christakis (@TC_IntLaw) is Professor of International and European Law at University Grenoble Alpes (France), Director of Research for Europe with the Cross-Border Data Forum, and a former Distinguished Visiting Fellow at the New York University Cybersecurity Centre. He is also Chair on the Legal and Regulatory Implications of Artificial Intelligence with the Multidisciplinary Institute on AI (, Director of the Centre for International Security and European Studies, and Co-Director of the Grenoble Alpes Data Institute. He is a honorary member of the Institut Universitaire de France.

At the national level, he has exercised responsibilities on digital issues as an active member of the French National Committee for Digital Ethics (created in December 2019 at the request of the French Prime Minister) and as a past member of the French National Digital Council, an independent advisory commission of the French government (2018-2020).

He has published or co-edited 11 books, he is author or co-author of more than 88 academic articles and book chapters, and he has been invited to give lectures and present his work at conferences, workshops, and seminars on over a hundred occasions in more than 31 different countries.

As an international expert he has advised governments, international organisations, and private companies on issues concerning international and European law, cybersecurity, artificial intelligence, and data protection law. He also has experience working as external Data Protection Officer (GDPR compliance) for tech companies.

Arthur Messaud has been working at La Quadrature du Net for four years on issues regarding state and capitalism surveillance, trying to change the law before courts and parliaments.

Noémie Levain is a privacy and technology lawyer at the Paris bar and a member of La Quadrature du Net. Within this organisation, she works on strategic litigation and helps promote actions against surveillance.

Jacques Follorou is a French journalist. He graduated in 1991 from the Journalist Training Center (CFJ), in Paris. He started his career in 1993 working freelance for the weekly Le Canard enchaîné. In 1996, he was hired by the daily Le Monde and worked mostly on legal cases, in particular those related to the financing of political parties and corruption. In 1998, he also covered Corsican terrorism and mafia stories. After the 09/11 attacks in the United States in 2001, he extended his investigative work to the financing of terrorism and more broadly to financial investigations. In 2008, he joined the international desk where he is in charge of Afghanistan and Pakistan, terrorism and intelligence issues.

In 2013, he started working on the material provided by Edward Snowden thanks to an exclusive contact, in France, to the american activist lawyer Glenn Greenwald to whom the former contractor of the National Security Agency (NSA) entrusted his archives. It was the beginning of a direct dialogue with the American whistleblower and ongoing investigations into the French government's surveillance system. Since then, Jacques Follorou has continued his investigations into the intelligence world by contributing, in particular, to the revelations, in 2018 and 2019, of the interference of Russian espionage in Europe. He dedicates a part his work trying to point out the weaknesses of the French legal framework for intelligence.

Jacques Follorou is the author of several books, including, in 2018, "L’Etat secret" (The Secret State, Democracy Undermined, Fayard), which comprises an exclusive interview with Edward Snowden. Jacques Follorou considers security and freedom as not mutually exclusive. On the contrary, freedom and debate contribute to security.

Kenneth Propp is a non-resident senior fellow at the Atlantic Council’s Europe Center. He teaches European Union Law at Georgetown University Law Center, and is a senior research fellow at the Cross-Border Data Forum. From 2011-15, he served as Legal Counselor at the U.S. Mission to the European Union in Brussels, Belgium.

Floran Vadillo, PhD in political science, associate researcher at the IRM (University of Bordeaux) and teacher at Sciences Po. Floran was security advisor to the President of the National Assembly's Laws Committee and, in this capacity, played a major role in the drafting of the 2015 Intelligence Act in France. He then served as advisor to the Minister of Justice and, since 2017, has been working for a major French digital company.

Charlotte Dietrich is a project manager at Stiftung Neue Verantwortung for Digital Rights, Surveillance and Democracy. She manages the European Intelligence Oversight Network where she works on strengthening democratic oversight of intelligence services and connecting oversight agencies from all over Europe.

Charlotte has a background in Political Sciences and National Security Studies. She studied at Sciences Po Paris and the Saint Petersburg State University for her undergraduate studies and holds a Master’s degree from King’s College London’s Department of War Studies. In her Master’s dissertation she focused on digital authoritarianism in Kazakhstan. She has gained work experience at the German Embassy in Kazakhstan, at a political foundation in Moscow and at the German Development Bank KfW in Tajikistan. Before joining SNV, she has worked as a Researcher focused on security and defence issues at M&C Saatchi, a strategic communications firm in London, and for the Falling Walls Foundation in Berlin.

Ella is a policy adviser at not-for-profit digital rights group EDRi, where she works on the intersection of fundamental rights with AI and biometric technologies and helps drive the civil society Reclaim Your Face campaign to ban biometric mass surveillance practices. She has studied human rights through the lens of socio-technical feminism and before that, worked in digital transformation for an engineering and technology company.

Prof. dr. J.J. Oerlemans is an endowed professor in Intelligence and Law at Utrecht University. The chair is made available by the Dutch Review Committee on Intelligence and Security Services (CTIVD), where he also works a senior researcher.

Mr Andrea DE CANDIDO works for the Directorate General for Migration and Home Affairs of the European Commission where he is the Acting Head of the "Innovation and Security Research" Unit that is responsible for ensuring full exploitation of the possibilities offered by research in the internal security domain.

Among the tasks of the Unit is the drafting of the security research part of the overall EU Research & Innovation Framework Programme (as of this year named Horizon Europe) that enables cross border funding of research projects in different security related dimensions such as Fighting Crime and Terrorism, Border Security, Infrastructure Protection and Disaster Resilient Societies.

Before joining DG HOME Mr De Candido had been briefly working for the Research & Innovation Directorate General of the European Commission and, before that, had spent 25 years in the Italian Army from which he retired in 2013 with the rank of Lt. Colonel.

Dr. Estelle De Marco is a jurist specialising in legal and ethical aspects related to ICT, cybersecurity and the action against crime, covering fundamental rights and personal data protection, including impact and risk assessment. She is the founder and Director of Inthemis, a firm specialised in ICT legal ethics and data protection compliance, in which she assists various organisations in their compliance efforts and regularly leads legal tasks and work-packages in national or European research projects. In parallel, she is the founder and administrator of and acts as an expert on cybercrime, electronic evidence and fundamental rights protection for the Council of Europe.

She is also lecturer at three higher education establishments where she teaches legal ethics and personal data protection, legal aspects of cybersecurity and cybercrime and liability of Internet stakeholders. She holds a Ph.D. in private law and criminal sciences and a Master II degree in ICT law.

Bert is the founder of PowerDNS, software that powers a significant fraction of the Internet. In addition, Bert co-founded a joint-venture with notable security company Fox-IT. In between he spent several years working for the Dutch government on cyber- and national security. After selling both companies, Bert spent 18 months doing DNA research at TU Delft, leading to two publications in major science journals. These days, he focuses on open standards, (EU) tech legislation, decentralized communications, internet measurements & research (mostly DNA and GNSS). In addition he until recently sat on a government board that regulates the Dutch Intelligence and Security agencies. Bert is now a part-time technical advisor at the Dutch Electoral Council ("FEC").

Bart Jacobs is a professor of Security, Privacy and Identity at Radboud University, in Nijmegen, the Netherlands, at the university's interdisciplinary Hub for research on digitalisation and society. He is a member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Sciences and of the Academia Europaea. Jacobs publishes broadly on computer science and mathematics, but also on law and intelligence. For instance, he is the first to write about the European intelligence cooperation Maximator Jacobs was a member of the committee that reviewed the intelligence law in the Netherlands in 2020. He is a member of the board of experts of the Review Committee on the Intelligence and Security Services (CTIVD).

Peter Koop studied law in Amsterdam and from a lifelong interest in signals intelligence, cryptography and communications security, he became an independent researcher sharing his findings on the weblog, in other publications and through lectures. Koop is a member of the Netherlands Intelligence Studies Association (NISA) and he is one of the few people in the world who systematically and critically studied the documents from the Snowden revelations. He also closely followed the extensive inquiry by the German parliament into the cooperation between the NSA and the BND and studied a similar cooperation in Denmark. This allows Koop to bring detailed insights from multiple countries into the debate about the Dutch Intelligence and Security Services Act (Wiv), which started with a unique referendum in 2018 and is still ongoing.

Amir serves a researcher in the Israel Democracy Institute, where he conducts ongoing policy-driven research into comparative surveillance law, AI regulation and other topics pertaining to law and technology. Amir is a research fellow in the Federmann Cyber Security Research Center – Cyber Law Program the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Amir has published two books on online surveillance laws “Regulation of Online Surveillance in Israeli Law and Comparative Law” (2019) and “Oversight of Online Surveillance in Israel” (2020), both in Hebrew.

Mikael Lohse is Chief Specialist and Deputy Intelligence Ombudsman at the Office of the Intelligence Ombudsman in Finland. He is Adjunct Professor of Legal Informatics and Intelligence Studies.