Authors

Tomaso leads Privacy International's policy development, as well as their advocacy and policy team. He develops the organisation's international advocacy with the UN, the EU, and other relevant intergovernmental bodies. Previously he worked for Child Soldiers International and for Amnesty International’s (AI) International Secretariat, in the International Law and Policy Program, where he was legal and policy advisor. His main responsibilities included providing advice on international human rights and humanitarian law, drafting intervention before human rights courts and bodies and representing the organization in meetings of UN human rights law experts. Tomaso is an Italian lawyer and has a Law Degree from the Law College in Ferrara (Italy).

Cheryl Gwyn was appointed as New Zealand’s Inspector-General of Intelligence and Security commencing 5 May 2014, for a three year term and was reappointed in May 2017 for a further three years. She is the first Inspector-General to be appointed under amended legislation which
significantly expands the Inspector-General’s powers and resources and removes the requirement that the appointee be a retired Judge. The Inspector-General’s role includes reviewing the legality and propriety of intelligence and security agency activities and investigating complaints relating to the agencies. The Inspector-General has power to initiate her own inquiries. Ms Gwyn has broad public law experience, having spent ten years as Deputy Solicitor-General in the New Zealand Crown Law Office, where she provided legal advice and representation to Ministers and Departments, principally in constitutional matter, including indigenous rights and human rights issues. Latterly she provided advice to New Zealand’s intelligence community. That position was preceded by two years managing a large policy group, as Deputy Secretary for Justice. Before entering the public service, Ms Gwyn was a litigation partner at two of New Zealand’s largest law firms. In August 2019 Ms Gwyn was appointed as a Judge of the High Court of New Zealand

Jo Cavan is Director Strategy, Policy and Engagement at GCHQ, and Paul Killworth is Deputy Director Strategic Policy at GCHQ.

Alexander Ottosson is an associate lawyer at the Stockholm-based public interest law firm Centrum för rättvisa (Centre for Justice). Prior to commencing his work as a lawyer, Alexander held the position of research fellow at Centrum för rättvisa, publishing legal research on constitutional law issues. Alexander earned his undergraduate and master’s degree from Uppsala University, specialising in European human rights law and has acquired experience in the ECHR system from an internship at the Swedish representation at the Council of Europe in Strasbourg. At Centrum för rättvisa, Alexander represents and advises individuals in public interest litigation on issues of fundamental rights and freedoms and due process. He is also engaged in public advocacy, holds lectures, and conducts legal research.

Paula is a Privacy and Civil Liberties Engineer at Palantir Technologies where she leads customer engagements on the technical implementation of EU data protection law. She advises public and private sector clients, including automotive, aerospace, drug development, health insurance, media, telecommunications, customs, and law enforcement.

Paula holds a Bachelor of Arts summa cum laude in French, European Cultural Studies and Near Eastern Studies from Princeton University, a Master of Public Policy from the Hertie School of Governance in Berlin, and a Master of Arts in Media, Culture, and Communication from New York University. She is a certified Data Protection Officer under the German Association for Data Protection and Data Security.

Wouter de Ridder is a veteran of European intelligence oversight, having been the Secretary for the Belgian Standing Intelligence Agencies Review Committee (Vast Comité I) for over 25 years. He also acts as security officer for the committee. Further, Wouter is the Secretary (registrar) of the Belgian Appeal Body for Security Clearances, Certificates and Advices, and an expert at the Geneva Centre for Security Sector Governance (DCAF). He holds a Master of Law from KU Leuven.

Dr. Oskar Josef Gstrein is Assistant Professor at Campus Fryslân - University of Groningen, where he is also a member of the Data Research Centre. He collaborates in the EU Horizon 2020 project Cutting Crime Impact and teaches in the graduate program 'Governance and Law in Digital Society' as well as the minor 'Data Wise'. At the same time, he is external lecturer at the Europa-Institut of the University of Saarland in Germany.

Karen Taylor is Chair of the European Network Against Racism (ENAR) and Director of Advocacy at Each One Teach One (EOTO e.V.), based in Germany. In addition, Karen is a member of the coordination group for the implementation of the "UN-Decade for people of African descent" in Germany.

Arild Færaas is the communications adviser in the secretariat of the Norwegian Parliamentary Oversight Committee on Intelligence and Security Services (The EOS Committee). He previously worked as a communications adviser for The Norwegian Board of Technology and
as a journalist for Aftenposten and other Norwegian local and national newspapers.

Lotte Houwing is a policy advisor and researcher at Bits of Freedom. She focuses primarily on the relationship between the state and its citizens and the power relations that accompany it. Her portfolio includes the secret services (the Intelligence and Security Services Act) and the investigatory powers of the police. She is committed to protecting citizens against any abuse of these powers.

Lotte obtained a Bachelor's degree in philosophy and IT law from the University of Groningen, and then completed a Research Master's degree in 'Functionality of the Law' with an emphasis on digital human rights with distinction, working within the Security Technology and e-Privacy (STeP) research group at the University of Groningen.

Lotte also did an internship with the criminal law department at Prakken d’Oliveira lawyers, supporting detainees with political actions, and worked as a file coordinator for the Intelligence and Security Services Act file at the Public Interest Litigation Project.

worked with epicenter.works on their campaign against the Austrian surveillance law

Thomas Lohninger is Executive Director of the digital rights NGO epicenter.works in Vienna, Austria. He is Senior Fellow of the Mozilla Foundation working on Net Neutrality in the European Union. The Center of Internet and Society of the Stanford Law School holds him as a non-residential Fellow. He worked in Brussels on the European Net Neutrality regulation as Policy Advisor for European Digital Rights and is on the board of EDRi since 2019. His background is in IT and Cultural- and Social Anthropology.

Ronja Kniep is a research fellow in the research group ‘Politics of Digitalisation’ at the WZB Berlin Social Science Center and a PhD candidate at the Freie Universität Berlin (FU). Her research focuses on communications surveillance, intelligence cooperation, intelligence oversight, and digital policy. In the research project “Intelligence Oversight and intelligence networks: Who guards the Guardians?” (GUARD//INT), Ronja works on an intelligence oversight index, oversight of information sharing, and analyses the justification and contestation of surveillance in German cases of strategic litigation.

Professor Peter Sommer combines academic and public policy work with commercial cyber security consultancy, with a strong focus on legal issues.

His first degree is in law, from Oxford University. He is currently a part-time Professor of Digital Evidence at Birmingham City University and a Visiting Professor at de Montfort University. Until 2011 he was a Visiting Professor in the Department of Management at the London School of Economics. He has consulted for OECD, UN, European Commission, UK Cabinet Office Scientific Advisory Panel on Emergency Response, UK National Audit Office, Audit Commission, and the Home Office. He has carried out external audits of the Internet Watch Foundation hotline. The OECD work, written with Ian Brown, addressed the cyber aspects of Future Global Threats. He has further given evidence to the Home Affairs and Science & Technology Select Committees, the Joint Committee on the Communications Data Bill, and to the Intelligence and Security Committee. He was a Specialist Advisor to the old Trade and Industry Select Committee and to the Joint Committee on the Draft Investigatory Powers Bill (now an Act).

During its existence Peter was the joint lead assessor for the digital speciality at the UK Home Office-sponsored Council for the Registration of Forensic Practitioners and has advised the UK Forensic Science Regulator and the Home Office on communications data.
He has acted as an expert in many important criminal and civil court proceedings in the UK and international courts usually where digital evidence has been an issue including Official Secrets, terrorism, state corruption, assassination, global hacking, DDoS attacks, murder, corporate fraud, privacy, defamation, breach of contract, professional regulatory proceedings, harassment, allegations against the UK military in Iraq, “revenge porn” on social media and child sexual abuse. Particular themes have been situations where technologies need to be interpreted in legal terms and assessments of quantum and extent of damage.

Peter is the author, pseudonymously, of The Hacker's Handbook, DataTheft and The Industrial Espionage Handbook, and under his own name, Digital Evidence, Digital Investigations and E-Disclosure (IAAC) now in its 4th edition and the Digital Evidence Handbook.

He is a Fellow of the British Computer Society and also a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts.

http://www.pmsommer.com

Kilian Vieth manages Stiftung Neue Verantwortung’s work on digital rights, surveillance, and democracy. He is the project manager for the European Intelligence Oversight Network (EION), which provides European intelligence oversight officials and other experts a space for regular and structured exchange. As a researcher in the GUARDINT project, Kilian studies the potentials and limits of overseeing surveillance and works on the development of an intelligence oversight index and a surveillance law database. His research focusses on the democratic control of intelligence and reform approaches for rights-based and more efficient intelligence and surveillance policy in Germany and Europe. Beyond that, his research interests include digital human rights and critical security studies. He was invited to testify before the parliament of Hesse on regional intelligence legislation. Kilian previously worked on different research projects at the Center for Internet and Human Rights (CIHR) at the European University Viadrina in Frankfurt (Oder), Germany, where he is still a Fellow. He has also worked as a consultant and project manager in political campaigning at a communications consultancy in Berlin. He holds a dual master’s degree in Political Science and European Affairs from Sciences Po Paris (France) and Freie Universität Berlin (Germany) and a bachelor’s degree in Public Management and Governance from Zeppelin University in Friedrichshafen (Germany).

Thorsten heads SNV’s research on surveillance and democratic governance. He created the European Intelligence Oversight Network (EION) and is a Principal Investigator in the new collaborative research project GUARDINT designed to address and to redress the gap between increasingly transnational surveillance practices and still largely national accountability mechanisms. Thorsten gave testify before the European Parliament and the Bundestag on intelligence legislation, and his work appeared in various media outlets. He is a member of the advisory board on Europe/Transatlantic of the Heinrich Boell Foundation in Berlin and the scientific committee of the Cyber and Data Security Lab at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB). Thorsten holds a doctorate degree in political science from the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva. In the past, Thorsten worked as Senior Fellow at the Brandenburg Institute for Society and Security, The Hague Institute for Global Justice and as Advisor for the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF). As Transatlantic Post-Doc Fellow for International Relations and Security (TAPIR), Thorsten studied national surveillance policies at the French Institute for International Relations (ifri) in Paris and the RAND Corporation and the Center for Transatlantic Relations at Johns Hopkins University in Washington, D.C.