Authors

Tomaso leads Privacy International's policy development, as well as their advocacy and policy team. He develops the organisation's international advocacy with the UN, the EU, and other relevant intergovernmental bodies. Previously he worked for Child Soldiers International and for Amnesty International’s (AI) International Secretariat, in the International Law and Policy Program, where he was legal and policy advisor. His main responsibilities included providing advice on international human rights and humanitarian law, drafting intervention before human rights courts and bodies and representing the organization in meetings of UN human rights law experts. Tomaso is an Italian lawyer and has a Law Degree from the Law College in Ferrara (Italy).

Cheryl Gwyn was appointed as New Zealand’s Inspector-General of Intelligence and Security commencing 5 May 2014, for a three year term and was reappointed in May 2017 for a further three years. She is the first Inspector-General to be appointed under amended legislation which
significantly expands the Inspector-General’s powers and resources and removes the requirement that the appointee be a retired Judge. The Inspector-General’s role includes reviewing the legality and propriety of intelligence and security agency activities and investigating complaints relating to the agencies. The Inspector-General has power to initiate her own inquiries. Ms Gwyn has broad public law experience, having spent ten years as Deputy Solicitor-General in the New Zealand Crown Law Office, where she provided legal advice and representation to Ministers and Departments, principally in constitutional matter, including indigenous rights and human rights issues. Latterly she provided advice to New Zealand’s intelligence community. That position was preceded by two years managing a large policy group, as Deputy Secretary for Justice. Before entering the public service, Ms Gwyn was a litigation partner at two of New Zealand’s largest law firms. In August 2019 Ms Gwyn was appointed as a Judge of the High Court of New Zealand

Jo Cavan is Director Strategy, Policy and Engagement at GCHQ, and Paul Killworth is Deputy Director Strategic Policy at GCHQ.

Alexander Ottosson is an associate lawyer at the Stockholm-based public interest law firm Centrum för rättvisa (Centre for Justice). Prior to commencing his work as a lawyer, Alexander held the position of research fellow at Centrum för rättvisa, publishing legal research on constitutional law issues. Alexander earned his undergraduate and master’s degree from Uppsala University, specialising in European human rights law and has acquired experience in the ECHR system from an internship at the Swedish representation at the Council of Europe in Strasbourg. At Centrum för rättvisa, Alexander represents and advises individuals in public interest litigation on issues of fundamental rights and freedoms and due process. He is also engaged in public advocacy, holds lectures, and conducts legal research.

Paula is a Privacy and Civil Liberties Engineer at Palantir Technologies where she leads customer engagements on the technical implementation of EU data protection law. She advises public and private sector clients, including automotive, aerospace, drug development, health insurance, media, telecommunications, customs, and law enforcement.

Paula holds a Bachelor of Arts summa cum laude in French, European Cultural Studies and Near Eastern Studies from Princeton University, a Master of Public Policy from the Hertie School of Governance in Berlin, and a Master of Arts in Media, Culture, and Communication from New York University. She is a certified Data Protection Officer under the German Association for Data Protection and Data Security.

Wouter de Ridder is a veteran of European intelligence oversight, having been the Secretary for the Belgian Standing Intelligence Agencies Review Committee (Vast Comité I) for over 25 years. He also acts as security officer for the committee. Further, Wouter is the Secretary (registrar) of the Belgian Appeal Body for Security Clearances, Certificates and Advices, and an expert at the Geneva Centre for Security Sector Governance (DCAF). He holds a Master of Law from KU Leuven.

Dr. Oskar Josef Gstrein is Assistant Professor at Campus Fryslân - University of Groningen, where he is also a member of the Data Research Centre. He collaborates in the EU Horizon 2020 project Cutting Crime Impact and teaches in the graduate program 'Governance and Law in Digital Society' as well as the minor 'Data Wise'. At the same time, he is external lecturer at the Europa-Institut of the University of Saarland in Germany.

Karen Taylor is Chair of the European Network Against Racism (ENAR) and Director of Advocacy at Each One Teach One (EOTO e.V.), based in Germany. In addition, Karen is a member of the coordination group for the implementation of the "UN-Decade for people of African descent" in Germany.

Arild Færaas is the communications adviser in the secretariat of the Norwegian Parliamentary Oversight Committee on Intelligence and Security Services (The EOS Committee). He previously worked as a communications adviser for The Norwegian Board of Technology and
as a journalist for Aftenposten and other Norwegian local and national newspapers.

Lotte Houwing is a policy advisor and researcher at Bits of Freedom. She focuses primarily on the relationship between the state and its citizens and the power relations that accompany it. Her portfolio includes the secret services (the Intelligence and Security Services Act) and the investigatory powers of the police. She is committed to protecting citizens against any abuse of these powers.

Lotte obtained a Bachelor's degree in philosophy and IT law from the University of Groningen, and then completed a Research Master's degree in 'Functionality of the Law' with an emphasis on digital human rights with distinction, working within the Security Technology and e-Privacy (STeP) research group at the University of Groningen.

Lotte also did an internship with the criminal law department at Prakken d’Oliveira lawyers, supporting detainees with political actions, and worked as a file coordinator for the Intelligence and Security Services Act file at the Public Interest Litigation Project.

worked with epicenter.works on their campaign against the Austrian surveillance law

Thomas Lohninger is Executive Director of the digital rights NGO epicenter.works in Vienna, Austria. He is Senior Fellow of the Mozilla Foundation working on Net Neutrality in the European Union. The Center of Internet and Society of the Stanford Law School holds him as a non-residential Fellow. He worked in Brussels on the European Net Neutrality regulation as Policy Advisor for European Digital Rights and is on the board of EDRi since 2019. His background is in IT and Cultural- and Social Anthropology.

Ronja Kniep is a research fellow in the research group ‘Politics of Digitalisation’ at the WZB Berlin Social Science Center and a PhD candidate at the Freie Universität Berlin (FU). Her research focuses on communications surveillance, intelligence cooperation, intelligence oversight, and digital policy. In the research project “Intelligence Oversight and intelligence networks: Who guards the Guardians?” (GUARD//INT), Ronja works on an intelligence oversight index, oversight of information sharing, and analyses the justification and contestation of surveillance in German cases of strategic litigation.

Professor Peter Sommer combines academic and public policy work with commercial cyber security consultancy, with a strong focus on legal issues.

His first degree is in law, from Oxford University. He is currently a part-time Professor of Digital Evidence at Birmingham City University and a Visiting Professor at de Montfort University. Until 2011 he was a Visiting Professor in the Department of Management at the London School of Economics. He has consulted for OECD, UN, European Commission, UK Cabinet Office Scientific Advisory Panel on Emergency Response, UK National Audit Office, Audit Commission, and the Home Office. He has carried out external audits of the Internet Watch Foundation hotline. The OECD work, written with Ian Brown, addressed the cyber aspects of Future Global Threats. He has further given evidence to the Home Affairs and Science & Technology Select Committees, the Joint Committee on the Communications Data Bill, and to the Intelligence and Security Committee. He was a Specialist Advisor to the old Trade and Industry Select Committee and to the Joint Committee on the Draft Investigatory Powers Bill (now an Act).

During its existence Peter was the joint lead assessor for the digital speciality at the UK Home Office-sponsored Council for the Registration of Forensic Practitioners and has advised the UK Forensic Science Regulator and the Home Office on communications data.
He has acted as an expert in many important criminal and civil court proceedings in the UK and international courts usually where digital evidence has been an issue including Official Secrets, terrorism, state corruption, assassination, global hacking, DDoS attacks, murder, corporate fraud, privacy, defamation, breach of contract, professional regulatory proceedings, harassment, allegations against the UK military in Iraq, “revenge porn” on social media and child sexual abuse. Particular themes have been situations where technologies need to be interpreted in legal terms and assessments of quantum and extent of damage.

Peter is the author, pseudonymously, of The Hacker's Handbook, DataTheft and The Industrial Espionage Handbook, and under his own name, Digital Evidence, Digital Investigations and E-Disclosure (IAAC) now in its 4th edition and the Digital Evidence Handbook.

He is a Fellow of the British Computer Society and also a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts.

http://www.pmsommer.com

Kilian Vieth manages Stiftung Neue Verantwortung’s work on digital rights, surveillance, and democracy. He is the project manager for the European Intelligence Oversight Network (EION), which provides European intelligence oversight officials and other experts a space for regular and structured exchange. As a researcher in the GUARDINT project, Kilian studies the potentials and limits of overseeing surveillance and works on the development of an intelligence oversight index and a surveillance law database. His research focusses on the democratic control of intelligence and reform approaches for rights-based and more efficient intelligence and surveillance policy in Germany and Europe. Beyond that, his research interests include digital human rights and critical security studies. He was invited to testify before the parliament of Hesse on regional intelligence legislation. Kilian previously worked on different research projects at the Center for Internet and Human Rights (CIHR) at the European University Viadrina in Frankfurt (Oder), Germany, where he is still a Fellow. He has also worked as a consultant and project manager in political campaigning at a communications consultancy in Berlin. He holds a dual master’s degree in Political Science and European Affairs from Sciences Po Paris (France) and Freie Universität Berlin (Germany) and a bachelor’s degree in Public Management and Governance from Zeppelin University in Friedrichshafen (Germany).

Thorsten heads Stiftung Neue Verantwortung's research on surveillance and democratic governance. He created the European Intelligence Oversight Network (EION) and is a Principal Investigator in the new collaborative research project GUARDINT, designed to address and to redress the gap between increasingly transnational surveillance practices and still largely national accountability mechanisms. Thorsten gave testimony before the European Parliament and the Bundestag on intelligence legislation, and his work appeared in various media outlets. He is a member of the advisory board on Europe/Transatlantic of the Heinrich Boell Foundation in Berlin and the scientific committee of the Cyber and Data Security Lab at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB). Thorsten holds a doctorate degree in political science from the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva. In the past, Thorsten worked as Senior Fellow at the Brandenburg Institute for Society and Security, The Hague Institute for Global Justice, and as Advisor for the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF). As Transatlantic Post-Doc Fellow for International Relations and Security (TAPIR), Thorsten studied national surveillance policies at the French Institute for International Relations (ifri) in Paris and the RAND Corporation and the Center for Transatlantic Relations at Johns Hopkins University in Washington, D.C.

Sharon Bradford Franklin is Policy Director at New America’s Open Technology Institute (OTI). She directs the broad range of OTI’s policy work on issues involving broadband access, cybersecurity, encryption, freedom of expression online, government surveillance, net neutrality, privacy, and transparency and platform accountability. From 2013 to 2017, she served as Executive Director of the Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board (PCLOB), an independent federal agency that reviews counterterrorism programmes to ensure that they include appropriate safeguards for privacy and civil liberties. Previously, she served as Senior Counsel at the Constitution Project, a nonprofit legal watchdog group, working on a range of issues involving national security and privacy and civil liberties. Franklin is a graduate of Harvard College and Yale Law School.

Mark Bromley (United Kingdom) is the Director of SIPRI’s Dual-use and Arms Trade Control Programme, where his work focuses on national, regional and international efforts to regulate the international trade in conventional arms and dual-use items. Previously, he was a Policy Analyst for the British American Security Information Council (BASIC). His recent publications include 'Detecting, investigating and prosecuting export control violations: European perspectives on key challenges and good practices’, SIPRI Report, (Dec. 2019, co-author), 'Revising the EU Dual-use Regulation: Challenges and opportunities for the trilogue process’, SIPRI Topical Backgrounder, (Oct. 2019), and 'Measuring illicit arms and financial flows: Improving the assessment of Sustainable Development Goal 16’, SIPRI Background Paper, (July 2019, co-author).

Megan Goulding is a lawyer at the UK human rights organisation Liberty. Megan specialises in privacy, technology and human rights and runs Liberty’s litigation in this area. She is currently working in particular on state surveillance and police technologies. She is acting for a client in the first legal challenge to police use of facial recognition technology. She is also running Liberty’s own challenges to bulk surveillance, both at the European Court of Human Rights and in the UK courts. Previous to Liberty, Megan worked as a solicitor in private practice.

Bastien is a PhD student in public law at Université Grenoble-Alpes (France). He is working on algorithmic decisions of the administration and their impacts on human rights. He is also a member of La Quadrature du Net, a French NGO that promotes and defends fundamental rights in our digital era, and its litigation team.

Dr. Annika S. Hansen is a senior researcher and Deputy Head of the Analysis Division at the Center for International Peace Operations, Berlin, Germany. She previously worked for the UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations and the Norwegian Defence Research Establishment.

Jan Jirat is a journalist working for independent Swiss weekly WOZ - Die Wochenzeitung in Zurich. He mainly writes about security and far right extremism. He is a member of the investigative journalism networks investigativ.ch and Netzwerk Recherche eV.

Lorenz Naegeli is a journalist based in Zurich, Switzerland. He studied human rights and humanitarian action at the Sciences Po University in Paris. As a journalist, he focuses on topics such as migration, liberation and social movements and with a critical eye on the state, its bodies and economic actors.

Javier Ruiz is the Policy Director at the UK-based advocacy organisation Open Rights Group. His work covers a broad range of digital rights areas such as state surveillance, transparency, privacy and ethics. He is a member of the UK Government's Expert Advisory Group on Digital Trade and is available for work on a consultancy basis.

Jan-David is editor of about:intel. Based at Stiftung Neue Verantwortung in Berlin, he is interested in digital rights, democratic intelligence governance, and the intersection of democracy and media in the public sphere.

Before joining Stiftung Neue Verantwortung and building about:intel, he worked as an investigative reporter and editor for the Bangkok Post. Jan-David holds an M.Phil. in International Relations from the University of Oxford and a B.A. in Integrated Social Sciences from Jacobs University Bremen and the University of Edinburgh.

Jane Duncan is a professor and Head of Department of Journalism, Film and Television. She is author of ‘Stopping the Spies: Constructing and Resisting the Surveillance State in South Africa’ (Wits University Press, 2018).

Alexandra Paulus is non-resident fellow for international cyber security policy at the German tech policy think tank Stiftung Neue Verantwortung. She currently pursues her PhD in International Relations at Chemnitz University of Technology in Germany. Her research explores how regional powers shape the construction of norms for responsible state behavior in cyberspace, focusing on Brazil and Turkey. Before commencing her doctoral degree, Alexandra was deputy head of the Konrad Adenauer Foundation Brazil office. Her further work experience includes the German Bundestag, the private sector, and Latin American NGOs. She is an active member of Women in International Security Germany.

Dr. Sven Herpig is head of international cybersecurity policy at the German tech policy think tank Stiftung Neue Verantwortung. Before joining the Stiftung Neue Verantwortung, he worked for Germany's Federal Office for Information Security and the Federal Foreign Office. Sven served as expert on IT security for the Committee of the Interior and Homeland of the German parliament and for the European Union study on Legal Frameworks for Hacking by Law Enforcement. His research areas are securing artificial intelligence in high risk environments, geopolitical responses to cyber operations, government hacking, and vulnerability management.

Chris has served in law enforcement for 30 years; originally in the Royal Hong Kong Police; now with West Midlands Police; and with a number of national agencies in the UK focusing on serious organised crime, in between. In addition to leading his force’s professional standards department and the portfolio for ethics, he is also the National Police Chiefs Council’s lead for Data Analytics. Chris holds a B.Eng in Civil Engineering from the University of Birmingham and an MSc in Cybercrime Investigation from the University of Central Lancashire.

Former project coordinator at the Helsinki Foundation for Human Rights (Warsaw, Poland), where she conducted monitoring of the legislative process dealing with i.a. access to justice, surveillance law, criminal defense rights. Together with activists from Panoptykon Foundation, submitted an application to the European Court of Human Rights regarding lack of effective protection against illegal surveillance in the light of the Polish legislation.

Elizabeth Farries directs the Surveillance and Human Rights Program for the International Network of Civil Liberties Organizations (INCLO). INCLO is horizontal network of national independent human rights organisations in 15 countries around the world. We work together to defend fundamental liberties. Elizabeth is the lead on INCLO investigations Unanswered Questions and Spying on Dissent.

Marion Oswald is Vice-Chancellor's Senior Fellow in Law at the University of Northumbria, an Associate Fellow of RUSI and a solicitor (non-practising). She is Chair of the West Midlands Police and Crime Commissioner and West Midlands Police data ethics committee, a member of the National Statistician’s Data Ethics Advisory Committee, a member of the Advisory Board to the Ada Lovelace Institute Ryder Review of the Governance of Biometric Technologies, and an executive member of the British and Irish Law, Education and Technology Association.

Thorsten heads Stiftung Neue Verantwortung's research on surveillance and democratic governance. He created the European Intelligence Oversight Network (EION) and is a Principal Investigator in the new collaborative research project GUARDINT, designed to address and to redress the gap between increasingly transnational surveillance practices and still largely national accountability mechanisms. Thorsten gave testimony before the European Parliament and the Bundestag on intelligence legislation, and his work appeared in various media outlets. He is a member of the advisory board on Europe/Transatlantic of the Heinrich Boell Foundation in Berlin and the scientific committee of the Cyber and Data Security Lab at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB). Thorsten holds a doctorate degree in political science from the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva. In the past, Thorsten worked as Senior Fellow at the Brandenburg Institute for Society and Security, The Hague Institute for Global Justice, and as Advisor for the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF). As Transatlantic Post-Doc Fellow for International Relations and Security (TAPIR), Thorsten studied national surveillance policies at the French Institute for International Relations (ifri) in Paris and the RAND Corporation and the Center for Transatlantic Relations at Johns Hopkins University in Washington, D.C.

Elspeth Guild is a Jean Monnet Professor ad personam in law at Queen Mary University of London and Emeritus Professor at Radboud University, Nijmegen, Netherlands. She is also a partner at the London law firm Kingsley Napley. She regularly advises EU institutions on migration and asylum related matters and has written studies for the European Parliament on the European dimension of the refugee crisis 2016. She also advises the Council of Europe and has written two Issue Papers for the Commissioner for Human Rights, one on the right to leave a country the other on criminalization of migration. In 2009 her monograph Security and Migration in the 21st Century Polity, Cambridge, 2009 was published. In 2017 she co-edited with Stefanie Grant and Kees Groenendijk The Human Rights of Migrants in the 21st Century published with Routledge in the Focus series directed at the UN Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration.

Elif Mendos Kuskonmaz is a lecturer at the School of Law of University of Portsmouth. She holds a Master’s Degree in Public Law from Istanbul University, and an LLM in Public International Law and a PhD from Queen Mary University of London. Elif is also a registered lawyer at Istanbul Bar Association.

Didier Bigo is professor of International Political Sociology at Sciences Po Paris-CERI, France. He is part time professor at King’s College London, department of War Studies. He is additionally director of the Centre for study of Conflicts, Liberty and Security (CCLS) and editor of the quarterly journal “Cultures & Conflits” published by L'Harmattan. He is one of the co-editors of the new PARISS (Political Anthropological Research on International Social Sciences) journal, Brill, 2019, as well as founder and previous co-editor with Rob Walker of the ISA (International Political Sociology) journal.

Nina Galla is senior advisor for the study commission "Artificial
Intelligence Social Responsibility and Economic, Social and Ecological
Potential" for the parliamentary group THE LEFT PARTY at the German
Bundestag. She works with the development of digitisation in public
relations, education and politics since 2004. Before her employment at
THE LEFT PARTY she developed education programmes for adults and teachers.

Richard is Head of the UK for Chorus Intelligence. He began his career with the Metropolitan Police Service as a Fingerprint Expert before quickly proceeding to be a Crime Scene Manager on one of London's busiest boroughs. After 10 years he decided to spread his wings into managing the Fingerprint Department in the Cayman Islands before coming back to the UK to head up the Fingerprint services of Northamptonshire Police and then the laboratory services of the East Midlands.

Eleftherios is a co-founder of the Greek civil society organisation "Homo Digitalis", which is a member of the European Digital Rights (EDRi) network. He is a lawyer admitted to practice in Greece, while also he works as a research associate at the Centre for IT & IP Law (CiTiP) of KU Leuven. Eleftherios holds a LLB from National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, a LLM on Law and Technology from Tilburg University Law School and a MSc in Digital Humanities from the Computer Science School of KU Leuven. Finally, he holds a Fellow of Information Privacy (FIP) designation from the International Association of Privacy Professionals (IAPP).

Sam works on policy and advocacy across all areas of Reprieve’s work, including accountability for UK intelligence involvement in rights abuses as well as the oversight of security and justice assistance overseas. He is also a non-practicing barrister, and prior to joining Reprieve, he was an Advocacy Officer at Liberty.

Edin is Advocacy Director at Privacy International, a London-based NGO which exposes and challenges abuses of power by governments and corporations. His research and advocacy focuses on the security industry, surveillance technology, migration, biometrics, state hacking, border controls, sanctions and export controls, intelligence agencies, the telecommunications industry, and security aid. He was previously a researcher at the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute where he focused on preventing illicit trafficking.

Fieke Jansen is a PhD candidate at the Data Justice Lab at Cardiff University, where she looks at the use of data-driven policing technologies in Europe. She is interested in re-politicising data and technology, by understanding its historical, social, cultural and political context in Europe. Prior to starting her PhD, Fieke worked at the intersection of human rights, digital security, privacy and technology for several international NGOs.

Jesús Cordero is a lawyer at Leegaltech, specialist in Digital Rights and Corporate Compliance, certified Data Protection Officer (DPO) according to the the Spanish Data Protection Agency Framework, and professor at the Industrial Organization School of the Ministry of Industry in Spain, with his MBA by the European University of Madrid. He is also creator of the national federation of youth United Nations associations, UNSA Spain, awarded with the “Here for Good” prize from Laureate Universities and co-sponsor of the international solidarity artistic initiative “Connecting Cultures”, a travelling exhibition on social inequities faced by children and how art can be a means to combat them. He has led several civic participation initiatives in Spain, the latest of which are communication campaigns to foster literacy on the public consultation on the draft for a Spanish Startup Law (2019) and on the European Commission's public consultation on the EU Data Strategy.

François Thuillier has held numerous positions within the French security services, both operationally and in terms of foresight. He is now an associate researcher at the Centre d'étude sur les conflits, liberté et sécurité (CELS - Paris) and author of "L'Europe du secret - mythes et réalité du renseignement politique interne" (Paris - La Documentation Française - 2000), "La révolution antiterroriste" (Paris - Temps Présent - 2019 - preface by Marc Sageman), as well as the upcoming "Homo Terrorismus" (Temps Présent - 2020).

Bojan Perkov is a Policy Researcher at the SHARE Foundation. His interests and areas of work include freedom of expression and online media, as well as other issues related to digital rights and freedoms, such as hate speech, net neutrality, censorship, data protection, digital security, etc.

Sophie in 't Veld has been a Member of the European Parliament (MEP) since 2004. Currently, she is a member of the Renew Europe Group and serves as the parliamentary leader of the delegation of the social-liberal Dutch political party Democrats 66 (D66) in the European Parliament.

In 't Veld studied history at Leiden University. Before running for European Parliament, she has worked as an assistant to Dutch MEP Johanna Boogerd-Quaak and as Secretary of the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (ELDR) in the Committee of the Regions. The ELDR is the precursor of the current ALDE Party.

Sophie in 't Veld has built a profile around a number of priorities: privacy, fundamental rights, rule of law, migration and asylum, and pensions.
These priorities guide her thinking as a member of two European Parliament Committees:

• Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE)

• Environment, Public Health and Food Safety Committee (ENVI)

Furthermore, in 't Veld chairs the LIBE committee’s Rule of Law Monitoring group and serves as vice president of the LGBTI Intergroup in the European Parliament.